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Eye Exams at Doctor & Associates in Connecticut Westport Norwalk Wilton Fairfield County

About Eye Exams
Eye exams performed by the Ophthalmologists at Doctor & Associates are part of the full range and scope of comprehensive eye care services we provide including routine eye exams for eye health and vision correction for eyeglasses and contact lenses, cataract eye exams, eye exams for retina problems including diabetic retinopathy and age related macular degeneration (AMD), eye exams and screening for glaucoma, LASIK eye exams, pediatric children’s eye exams and eye exams for corneal diseases. The eye doctors at Doctor & Associates recommend that all patients have routine eye examinations on a regular basis. We are pleased to offer these types of eye examinations in order to help patients preserve and maintain good eye health and vision.

How Often Should I Have My Eyes Examined?

The frequency of your eye examinations really depends on many factors. Your age, your general health, whether your family has a history of eye problems and whether you have been diagnosed with or treated for any eye conditions or diseases in the past, will determine how often the Doctor & Associates eye doctors suggest that you schedule your visits as well as what type of examination is necessary.

What Will Happen At My Eye Examination?

If you are scheduling a general eye examination at Doctor & Associates, it will consist of complete testing of your eye health and vision in order to be certain that you are seeing as clearly as you should, as well as a comprehensive medical evaluation of the health of your eyes. Each patient visiting us for a complete eye exam will have all of  the necessary testing to ensure that their eye health and vision are at their best.

Your Health and Eye History

A complete history will be taken from you regarding your current general health, any previous eye problems or conditions that you have experienced and a review of any problems that you might be experiencing with your vision or your eyes. This will be important information to provide to the technician or eye doctor during your screening process.  If you have any chronic health problems, even if they are currently stable it is important that you share this information as well.

Please be sure to tell the technician or eye doctor about any medications you are taking for these medical conditions, including over the counter medications or eye drops that you may have been using. They are all important.

Your family history will be reviewed with you as well. Please tell us about any health problems that run in your family such as diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as any eye problems that your family members may have experienced such as glaucoma, cataracts or macular degeneration as they can tend to run in families.

The Eye Examination

Your eye examination at Doctor & Associates will begin with a technician measuring your vision, or visual acuity-both with your current eyeglasses or contact lenses, and without any vision correction. Chances are that if you wear eyeglasses or contact lenses, some of the letters on the “Big E” eye chart will be blurry without them. The technician will ask you to read a chart projected across the examination room that consists of numbers and letters that get progressively smaller and more difficult to read as you move down the chart. This test, called “Snellin Acuity” or just “Visual Acuity” is an important first step to understanding how well you see.

Next, the movement of your eyes, or “Ocular Motility” will be evaluated in order to understand how well the eye muscles function together and how effectively they move your eyes into the different positions of gaze.

By shining a fairly bright light in your eyes, the reaction of your pupils to the light will be evaluated. By shinning the light into your eyes in different directions, the doctors can learn a great deal about how well your optic nerve is functioning.

You will then be asked to sit comfortably behind a specialized instrument called a Slit Lamp Biomicroscope. This instrument provides the eye doctor with both high magnification and special illumination. Using this instrument it is possible for your Ophthalmologist to examine the condition of your eyelids, eye lashes, eyelid margins and tear film. The slit lamp will also be used to carefully examine the sclera or white of your eye and the cornea or clear dome shaped lens on the outside of your eye. By focusing the slit lamp through the pupil or dark center of the iris-the colored part of the eye-your Ophthalmologist will be able to examine the health of the crystalline lens, which is where cataracts form.

In order to check for one of the signs of glaucoma, 1-2 eye drops to be placed in your eyes so that the pressure, called Intraocular Pressure (IOP) can be measured while you are behind the slit lamp, or with a Tono Pen, which is a handheld instrument. This is an important diagnostic test for glaucoma.

Your eye doctor will then check your refraction in order to determine the most accurate eyeglass or contact lens prescription necessary to fully correct your vision. This entails having you sit behind an instrument called a Phoroptor, so that the doctor can present a number of lens combinations to see which corrects your vision most precisely. For those patients who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses, you have probably experienced the “which is better” test called refraction. If you require vision correction the eye doctor will provide you with a copy of your prescription so that you can take it to the Optician at Willows Opticians at Doctor & Associates where our Opticians can help you select the best fitting and fashionable frame and the most appropriate type of lenses for your work, hobbies or daily activities.

Once your eye doctor has completed the examination of the “front of the eye”, it will be time to begin the examination of the health of the “back of the eye”. At this time, additional eye drops will be placed in your eyes in order to dilate or widen your pupils. Pupil dilation is important so that the doctor can examine the health of the structures in the back of your eye including the retina and its blood vessels and the optic nerve. After the dilation drops are placed in your eyes, it will usually take anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes for the eye drops to fully work and dilate your pupil.

Please be patient. You will be asked to relax in one of our comfortable waiting areas while the eye drops work, or if you prefer you may take a walk while you wait. The thorough examination of the health of the retina and optic nerve through a dilated pupil is not uncomfortable, however the fully widened pupil may make you somewhat sensitive to light and may also blur your vision, especially at near, for a few hours after your eye examination. If you have not had a dilated exam in the past, it is a good idea to have a driver on your exam day. It is important to bring a good pair of sunglasses with you in order to lessen your light sensitivity.

Patients wishing to schedule an appointment for an eye exam in Connecticut area will find that Doctor & Associates can serve as a Connecticut ophthalmic consultant and is conveniently located for greater Connecticut eye care patients from Fairfield County and southern Connecticut including Danbury, Stamford, Greenwich, Westport, Weston, Wilton, New Canaan, Norwalk, Fairfield, Bridgeport, Cannondale, Aspetuck, Redding, Trumbull, Shelton, Monroe, Darien, Glenbrook and Ridgefield Connecticut. To schedule an eye examination at Doctor & Associates please phone 203.227.4113.

The Ophthalmologists at Doctor & Associates serve adults and children in Fairfield County and southern Connecticut needing eye exams for eyeglasses & contact lenses, LASIK,
cataract surgery & lens implants, diagnosis, surgery and treatment of corneal disease, glaucoma, macular degeneration (AMD), uveitis & diabetic eye problems.

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